Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1927: Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union (more info)

1954: Ellis Island, the gateway to America, shuts it doors after processing more than 12 million immigrants since opening in 1892 (more info)

1979: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran (more info)

1990: Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web (more info)

1997: Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing (more info)